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Super-Large Eddy Current Tubes

  • Super-Large Eddy Current Tubes 7-inch Copper
    Item #: ED-200
  • Out of Stock
  • Super-Large Eddy Current Tubes - 15-inch Aluminum
    Item #: ED-205
  • - +
  • Super-Large Eddy Current Tubes - 1 meter Aluminum
    Item #: ED-210
  • - +
Drop neodymium magnets down these tubes and watch them twist and turn as they slowly fall.

Description

As you drop neodymium magnets down these large diameter, thick-walled copper and aluminum tubes, you can watch them twist and turn as they slowly fall. Each tube kit listed below contains a thick-walled Eddy Current Tube and two neodymium ring magnets (M-180). The length of the shorter aluminum tube is calculated so that magnets take approximately the same amount of time to fall as the copper tube.

Material

Approx. Length

Approx. Fall Time

Item Number

Copper

18 cm (7")

4.5 sec

ED-200

Aluminum

36 cm (15")

4.5 sec

ED-205

Aluminum

100 cm (39.5")

12.7 sec

ED-210

Read more on our Blog - Focus on Lenz's Law

Read more on our Blog - Bring Some Magic Into Your Classroom!

Read more on our Blog - Eddy Current Tubes with Video

Lesson Ideas

Download the pdf of this lesson!

  1. An eddy current is a current set up in a conductor in response to a changing magnetic field. Lenz's law predicts that the current moves in such a way as to create a magnetic field opposing the change; to do this in a conductor, electrons swirl in a plane perpendicular to the changing magnetic field.

    Because the magnetic fields of the eddy currents oppose the magnetic field of the falling magnet; there is attraction between the two fields. Energy is converted into heat. This principle is used in damping the oscillation of the lever arm of many mechanical balances. At the end of the arm a piece of flat aluminum is positioned to move through the magnetic field of a permanent magnet. The faster the arm oscillates, the greater the eddy currents and the greater the attraction to the permanent magnet. However, when the arm comes to rest, the attraction is negligible.

  2. If a single neodymium magnet has the same mass as a single cow magnet, the neodymium magnet will fall at a slower rate because its magnetic field strength is greater.

  3. Two neodymium magnets fall at a slower rate than one because the magnetic field strength has increased. The time of fall within the tube increases with the addition of other magnets. There is a point where the effect of the increase in mass becomes greater than the increase in magnetic field strength. Then, the group of magnets falls faster.

  4. Thicker tubes increase the falling time due to stronger eddy currents from the greater number of conducting electrons. Suggest an experiment to determine the thickness of the tube by determining the rate of fall of a magnet within the tube.

  5. Determine the time for one magnet to fall through the 7 inch copper tube and measure the time for the same magnet to fall through the 15 inch aluminum tube. The falling times should be approximately the same. Relate the length of the tubes to the conductivity of the metals.

Areas for investigation:

  1. How will magnets of different magnetic field strengths affect falling time? Try dropping 2 cow magnets that have the same mass but different magnetic field strengths down the same tube one at a time.
  2. How does the falling time of neodymium magnets compare to the falling time of cow magnets?
  3. Allow multiple neodymium magnets to attract together. How does changing the number of magnets affect the falling time?
  4. Do both single and multiple neodymium magnets fall down the tube at a constant velocity?
  5. How does changing the thickness of the tube affect falling time?
  6. How does changing the length of the tube affect falling time?
  7. How does changing the material of the tube affect falling time?
  8. How does cooling the tube down with liquid nitrogen affect falling time?

Q & A