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Students can use the Fingerprint Kit to make observations to construct an evidence-based account the young animals (children and their parents) are like, but not exactly like, their parents by examining their fingerprints.
Students can use the Fingerprint Kit in investigations to generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
Develop and use a model to describe why asexual reproduction results in offspring with identical genetic information and sexual reproduction results in offspring with genetic variation.
Students can use the Fingerprint Kit to analyze data from sampling student fingerprints to determine similarities and differences.
For all three High School NGSS, students can use the Fingerprint Kit to collect fingerprints from family members as the foundation of their investigation of inheritance and variation of traits as described below.
Students can review fingerprint data to ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of DNA and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring.
Students can review fingerprint data to make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable genetic variations may result from: (1) new genetic combinations through meiosis, (2) viable errors occurring during replication, and/or (3) mutations caused by environmental factors.
Students can review fingerprint data to apply concepts of statistics and probability to explain the variation and distribution of expressed traits in a population.
Fingerprints are made when the minute ridges on the last digit of the finger is inked and printed on paper. Variations of loop, whorl and arch patterns are what make up the fingerprint. The traits of fingerprint shapes and patterns are genetically passed onto offspring, thus being an easy and personal way for students to look at inheritance.
Another application of the fingerprinting can be used for inquiry activities, such as crime scene scenarios. By comparing fingerprints at the scene of a crime with the fingerprint record of suspected persons, students can establish the proof of presence and identity of the suspect. No two persons have exactly the same arrangement of the ridge patterns.
Students can use the Fingerprint Kit to take the fingerprints of their parents and siblings. Close examination of these prints will reveal like but not exact results of patterns and shapes.
Students can plan and conduct investigations collaboratively to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence, using fair tests in which variables are controlled and the number of trials considered.
Students can use the Fingerprint Kit to get the fingerprints of the students in their classroom. They can analyze and interpret data to determine similarities and differences in findings. Students can also do similar investigations with family members.
For all three High School NGSS, students can use the Fingerprint Kit to collect fingerprints from family members as the foundation of their investigation of inheritance and variation of traits as described below. Including grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins expands the database and validity of the study of inheritance.
* NGSS is a registered trademark of Achieve. Neither Achieve nor the lead states and partners that developed the Next Generation Science Standards were involved in the production of, and do not endorse, this product.
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